Evidence-Based Policy Officials
As required by the Evidence-Based Policy-making Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-435), USDA is committed to developing evidence-based policy and evaluation plans. The following have been designated Evaluation Officers, Statistical Officials and Chief Data Officers to support and implement those new requirements:
Chief Data Officer:
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Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS)
The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) administers programs that create domestic and international marketing opportunities for U.S. producers of food, fiber and specialty crops. AMS also provides the agriculture industry with valuable tools and services to ensure the quality and availability of wholesome food for consumers across the country. The agency’s goal is to provide timely and unbiased market insight that helps American farmers and businesses make informed decisions about the marketing, sale and delivery of their products. Having the right information at the right time is key to achieving success.
Economic Research Service (ERS)
The Economic Research Service provides key indicators, outlook analysis, and a wealth of data on the U.S. food and agricultural system. Along with information on farming practices, structure, and performance, ERS produces data on such diverse topics as farm and rural households, commodity markets, food marketing, agricultural trade, diet and health, food safety, food and nutrition assistance programs, natural resources and the environment, and the rural economy.
Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS)
Foreign Agricultural Service maintains a global agricultural market intelligence and commodity reporting service to provide U.S. farmers and traders with information on world agricultural production and trade for use in adjusting to changes in world demand for U.S. agricultural products. Reporting includes data on foreign government policies, analysis of supply and demand conditions, commercial trade relationships, and market opportunities. In addition to survey data, crop condition assessment relies heavily on computer-aided analyses of satellite, meteorological, agricultural, and related data.
National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)
National Agricultural Statistics Service collects, summarizes, analyzes, and publishes agricultural production and marketing data on a wide range of items, including number of farms and land in farms, acreage, yield, production, stocks of grains, and numerous commodities. The Census of Agriculture is conducted every five years to collect information on the number of farms, land use, production expenses, value of land, buildings, and farm products, farm size, characteristics of farm operators, market value of agricultural production sold, acreage of major crops, inventory of livestock and poultry, and farm irrigation practices.
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
At the Natural Resources Conservation Service, we have a proud history of supporting America’s farmers, ranchers, and forest landowners. For more than 80 years, we have helped people make investments in their operations and local communities to keep working lands working, boost rural economies, increase the competitiveness of American agriculture, and improve the quality of our air, water, soil, and habitat. As the USDA’s primary private lands conservation agency, we generate, manage, and share the data, technology, and standards that enable partners and policymakers to make decisions informed by objective, reliable science.
Rural Development (RD)
Rural Business-Cooperative Service collects, summarizes, analyzes, and publishes data from annual surveys of U.S. farmer, rancher, and fishery cooperatives. The data is published in RBS Service Reports. The data is also available in Excel spreadsheets by state and type of cooperative. The Cooperative Directory presents a listing of those cooperatives willing to be listed, by State. The directory contains: information, type of cooperative, and products sold, and is updated monthly.
World Agricultural Outlook Board (WAOB)
The World Agricultural Outlook Board (WAOB) serves as USDA's focal point for economic intelligence and the commodity outlook for U.S. and world agriculture. The Board coordinates, reviews, and approves the monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report and houses OCE's Joint Agricultural Weather Facility.